The project is the result of the merging of two different
streams of activity on the problem of protecting coastal
areas: on the one hand, work relating to the protection of
specific areas (often stimulated by catastrophic events),
and on the other, initiatives aimed at developing general
(at least at a national level) standards for assessing the
“state of the coast”, its evolution and the causes of
The original proposal for creating guidelines for the
protection of coastal areas was carried out by the Italian
organization, DTSN (National Department for National
Technical Services), which later became known as APAT
(National Agency for Environment and Technical
Services),and some preliminary work was carried out.
The present project was designed by CINFAI in the context
of an integrated view of land-sea interaction.
The project runs simultaneously on two lines:
Horizontal: concentrating on the development of actions
that are aimed at stimulating public institutions to
define and develop guidelines for coastal management,
based on an integrated view of coastal areas; in
particular, an effort will be made to fulfill the
recommendations of the European Parliament and Council
concerning the implementation of Integrated Coastal Zone
Management in Europe (2002/413/EC);
Vertical: in the same spirit described above,
concentrating on the development of actions on specific
coastal areas with the aim of maintaining connections with
concrete territorial problems right from the start.
RELEVANT ACTIVITIES CARRIED OUT BY THE PROJECT
The problem of protection (in particular from coastal
erosion) is dramatic in several coastal areas of the
Mediterranean and, more specifically, in the regions
considered in the project: according to international
documents, the percentage of protected coast in these
regions is less than 20% (including some zeros!).
The problem of protecting the coast, in particular from
erosion, is felt everywhere in the Italian, Greek,
Rumanian areas considered in the project.
Cadsealand is based on many preliminary studies, data
The main activities can be summarised as follows:
Development of an integrated land-sea strategy for the
defence and management of coastal areas.
Promotion of the extension of the approach to eastern
Set up of a CADSES cooperation for protection and
management of coastal areas.
Monitoring, study, experimentation concerning erosion in
Review of information concerning coastal areas in the
Training in preservation and management of coastal areas.
Diffusion of an integrated land-sea culture concerning
Definition of technical rules for coastal area
preservation at regional level.
Coastal defence catalogue based on the interpretation of
aero-photos and integrated with the available data
construction information(type of defence, age,
etc.),analysis of the impact of the structures on the
RESULTS TO BE ACHIEVED BY THE END OF THE PROJECT
In line with the nature of the initiative, we expect
of immediate applicative nature, as the results of the
proposed activities will be used immediately for the
management of systems set up for the protection of some
coastal areas (mostly from intrusions of marine water);
of more general impact, as we expect to establish rigorous
and reliable standards for the assessment of the state of
the coast and its evolution and their adoption by public
authorities in the context of general guidelines for coast
protection. It is also very important to develop an
integrated land-sea view of coastal areas and
instructional activities based on it, in particular for
what concerns the planning of future developments in the
we expect to make a first, decisive step beyond the
present lack of attention and coherence in the management
of coastal areas. In particular, we plan to form the first
nucleus of a stable work group able to cover all the
different aspects of the problems in question (from earth
sciences to engineering, economy, etc.) and merge them in
an integrated land-sea view of coastal areas;
diffusion of information, teaching and formation,
determination of standards and elaboration of guidelines
should become routine activities and, perhaps, lead to a
new institution operating at international level, in the
CADSES area and, possibly, in bordering ones. Eventually,
we hope the integrated vision of coastal areas to play a
necessary role in spatial development planning.